Tax Planning and Preparation

Given the new tax law, tax planning has become more complicated and fluid than ever.  Many of the regulations have recently been promulgated, so everyone is still learning exactly how it affects them.  What is certain, however, is some exciting changes are coming.



Businesses

The lower tax rate for businesses is just the beginning.  There are many things a business can do to lower taxes.  Some of them will build goodwill among employees, since they will reap the benefits.


Here is a list of some of the more common things a business can do:


  • Set up a contributory deferred compensation plan, such as a 401k or a SIMPLE plan.  
  • Give employees a year-end bonus, especially if you have had a good year and want to reward them.
  • Take advantage of bonus write-off of equipment.
  • Explore any tax credits for which you may be eligible.



Individuals

With the increase in the standard deduction to $12,000 ($24,000 for married filing jointly)  many taxpayers will no longer be able to itemize effectively.  Also, the total tax write off for taxes like state income tax and real estate tax is limited to $10,000.  There are still things you can do to minimize taxes:


  • If you are close to being able to itemize deductions effectively,  try bunching certain deductions into one year that you would normally do in two different years.  For example,double your contributions in one year instead of doing them in two different years.
  • Consider maximizing any 401k contributions your employer allows.
  • Explore any credits that may be available, such as the child tax credit and education credits, among others.
  • Consider holding investments for over one year so they will be long term capital gains and taxed at a lower rate.
  • Make use of the new pass-through business deduction if you are the owner of a pass-through entity.

These are just a few of the many tax saving planning tools available.  I would be happy to explore your personal situation before year end in order to minimize your taxes.


S.A. Freitas, CPA
Certified Public Accountant
181 Odell Hill Rd.
Center Conway, NH 03813


Mailing Address:
PO Box 2900
North Conway, NH 03860


(401) 331-6800

(603) 452-5057
Fax: (401) 435-3463
E-mail: Shirley@safreitascpa.com